# Kalends, Nones, and Ides

*a.d. xvi Kal. Apr.*; (a.d. =

*ante diem*).

Here's a general rule to convert to Roman day reckoning: first, find the nearest fixed point (Ides, Nones or Kalends) that comes on or after your day. If it falls on one of these days, you're done. Otherwise, take the day number on which that fixed point falls and add one. Since the Kalends is the first of the next month, treat it as the n+1 day of the month (where *n* is the total number of days in the month). *Example:* for March, before Nones use 8; Ides, use 16; Kalends use 33. Then subtract the day in question, and you have your backward count. For example, November 11 = *a. d. iii Id. Nov.*; May 6 = *pridie Non. Mai*.

To convert from Roman reckoning, take the same number from the Ides, Nones of Kalends and subtract the Roman day number. For example, *a.d. x Kal. Sext.* = 21 Sextilis.